Zoar Valley is located along the Main and South Branches of the Cattaraugus Creek, forming the border between Erie and Cattaraugus Counties. Zoar Valley proper begins just west of Springville and ends east of Gowanda. The valley proper is flanked by a series of gorge canyons beginning in Springville, New York and continuing west across the Cattaraugus Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians. Undeveloped areas in Zoar Valley include 2,927 acres of public land in the Zoar Valley Multiple Use Area maintained by the New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation, established through a land gift to the people by Herbert F. Darling, Sr., the 398-acre Deer Lick Conservation Area maintained by The Nature Conservancy, and the 118-acre William P. Alexander Preserve stewarded by The Nature Sanctuary Society of Western New York, Inc.